Zum Inhalt springen
Carmel Shalev, JSD

Guest Professor

Duration of stay: Summer Term 2008

Maria-Goeppert-Mayer Programme for International Gender Research. A programme of the Ministry for Science and Culture of Lower Saxony, Germany

Faculty of Law
Tel Aviv University, Israel 


Dr. Carmel Shalev is a public interest and academic lawyer and ethicist, who specializes in health, medicine, biotechnology, gender and human rights. Dr. Shalev is a graduate of the Hebrew University Faculty of Law and earned her doctoral degree from Yale Law School in the field of reproductive rights and feminist theory. She is now a consultant on research ethics to the European Commission, and teaches the subject at Tel Aviv University, and other academic institutions in Israel, and works as a local and international consultant. 

Between 1998 and 2004 Dr. Shalev established and directed the Unit of Health Rights and Ethics at the Gertner Institute for Health Policy Research, Tel Hashomer. Previously she worked in health legislation at the Israel Ministry of Justice, and was chief legal advisor to the Israel Ministry of Health. 

Dr. Shalev served as a member of various public committees in the area of health in Israel, including the Ethics Advisory Committee to the Israel National Transplantation Center (2003); the Public Commission on Directives and Legislation for Research in Pathological Samples (2002); the Public Commission on the Question of the Dying Patient (2000); and the Public-Professional Commission on In Vitro Fertilization (Israel Ministry of Justice, 1991-1994). Between 1994 and 2000 she served as an expert member of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW. 

A major current interest is in research ethics, particularly in the area of genetics and gender. Between 1999 and 2005 she served on the Israel Helsinki Committee for Genetic Experiments in Human Beings. Since 1997 she has been a member of the Scientific and Ethical Review Group (SERG), of the WHO Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction

Research Grants and Projects


  • The Israel Health Parliament, 2002-2003.
  • Information on the Rights of the Insured under the National Health Insurance Law – Availability, Quality and Accessibility, 2002-2003.
  • Public Consultation on Priorities in Updating the NHI Basic Basket of Services, 1999-2001.
  • The Health Funds’ Baskets of Services before the National Health Insurance Law – Updating Mechanisms and Values, 1998-1999.

Selected Publications 

Shalev, C (2008): Wunder (-Mittel), Märkte und moralische Risiken. Georgia 9: 16-18. 

Shalev, C (2008): Reflections on Human Dignity and the Israeli Cloning Debate, in: M Duewell et al (eds): The Contingent Nature of Life. Dordrecht: 323-345. 

Shalev, C (2006): Women’s Health – Accomodating Difference, in: HB Schoepp-Schilling and C Flinterman (eds): The circle of empowerment: twenty-five years of the the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. New York: 196-211. 

Shalev, C and S Gooldin (2006): The Uses and Misuses of In Vitro Fertilization in Israel: Some Sociological and Ethical Considerations. A Journal of Jewish Women's Studies & Gender Issues 12: 151-176. 

Shalev, C (2005): Health Rights. Israel Affairs 11(1): 66-77. 

Shalev, C and D Chinitz (2005): Public v. The General Public – The Role of the Courts in Israeli Health Care Policy. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 33(4): 650-659. 

Shalev, C (2004): Access to Essential Drugs, Human Rights and Global Justice. Monash Bioethics Review 23(1): 56-74. 

Shalev, C (2002): Clones and Golems, in: CM Mazzoni (ed.): Etica della ricerca biologica. Florence: 215-221. 

Shalev, C and E Freiman (2002): Monitoring Patient Rights: A Clinical Seminar. Medicine and Law 21(3): 521-539. 

Shalev, C (1998): Halakha and Patriarchal Motherhood - An Anatomy of the New Israeli Surrogacy Law, 32 Israel Law Review (1998) 51. 

Shalev, C (1998): Law, Religion and Women, in: S Shetree (ed.): Women in Law. London: 307-318. 

Shalev, C (1995): Women in Israel: Fighting Tradition, in: J Peters and A Wolper (eds): Women’s Rights, Human Rights. New York: 89-95. 

Shalev, C (1989): Birth Power: The Case for Surrogacy. New Haven.